If you have heart disease, what should you see a doctor? - OCSEHAT

If you have heart disease, what should you see a doctor?

Heart disease is one of the most common causes of death. This disease is even referred to as the silent killer because it can cause death without beginning symptoms. So, do you know for sure which doctor you should go to if you have a heart complaint?

A doctor who deals with heart problems

The heart is part of the cardiovascular system. This system consists of the heart, blood vessels, and various components in the blood. The disease that attacks these components is called cardiovascular disease.

Doctors who handle cardiovascular disease are called cardiologists, or also referred to as cardiologists. This doctor is marked by the title Sp.JP which means a specialist in heart and blood vessels.

They are general practitioners who then continue their specialist education in cardiology.

The task of the heart specialist is to examine, diagnose, and determine treatment for diseases such as:

  • Angina, or chest pain due to lack of blood supply to the heart
  • Arrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat (too fast or slow)
  • Atherosclerosis, namely the buildup of plaque in blood vessels
  • Atrial fibrillation, which is an abnormal heart rhythm because the upper chambers of the heart beat irregularly
  • Heart failure
  • Heart attack
  • Heart valve disease
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Congestive heart disease, or heart failure to pump blood supply
  • Cholesterol and high blood pressure

You do not have to experience symptoms of heart disease to be able to consult a cardiologist. Consultation is especially important if you have a family history of heart disease, smoke, or are undergoing a specific exercise program.

An examination by a cardiologist

Although you already understand what to see a doctor when you have heart disease, this disease is not as simple as you imagine.

There are various types of heart disease with different causes and treatments. Therefore, a series of examinations is needed so that the doctor can determine the diagnosis.

First of all, the doctor will do a physical examination and ask about family history of the disease. The results of the assessment determine what type of examination you should go through.

Tests that are commonly used to diagnose heart disease include:

  • Electrocardiography (ECG). This method allows doctors to detect irregular heart beats and abnormalities in the structure of the heart.
  • Echocardiogram. Through ultrasound assistance, specialist doctors can clearly see the structure and detect heart function.
  • Heart catheter. The doctor will insert a short tube into the arm vein or groin. This examination aims to see the flow of blood through the heart and blood vessels.
  • CT scan. During the inspection, you will lie in a special circular machine. The machine then emits X-rays so the doctor can get a picture of the condition of the heart.
  • Holter monitoring. The Holter monitor functions like an EKG, only it's smaller and can be removable. This tool can record heart activity for 24-72 hours.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This examination is almost similar to a CT scan. However, the instrument used emits a magnetic field, not X-rays. The goal is equally to get a picture of the condition of the heart in more detail.

Now you understand what doctors you should see if you have heart disease and how doctors diagnose it. However, the process hasn't stopped there.

After knowing the type of heart disease you are suffering from, a new specialist doctor can determine the appropriate treatment. Handling of heart disease involves medication, lifestyle improvement, and surgery.

Most heart disease can be treated with a combination of drugs, physical activity and a healthy diet. If this method does not work, special surgery may be needed to treat the disease at the root.

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