Can Someone Have an Allergy to Anesthetic? - OCSEHAT

Can Someone Have an Allergy to Anesthetic?

Anesthetic or anesthesia is usually used when you are about to undergo a certain surgery or medical procedure. Either that only makes numbness in certain parts of the body, blocks pain in most parts of the body, to eliminate total awareness. However, which often becomes a question, can this anesthetic cause allergies? What alternatives can be made in this condition?

Could someone be allergic to anesthesia?

Any person who will undergo surgery or certain medical procedures will always be given anesthesia beforehand. However, is there a possibility that someone is allergic to this anesthetic or anesthesia?

The answer, an allergic reaction because this drug can indeed occur, but the event is not too general. In fact, according to the British Journal of Anesthesia, it is estimated that only 1 in 10,000 people get anesthesia, experience an allergic reaction afterwards.

This condition is probably caused by the amount of anesthesia used, and not because it really has an anesthetic allergy. But that must be understood, even if you have an allergy to this anesthetic, usually a severe problem rarely arises afterwards.
The reason is that doctors and medical personnel are generally competent to quickly recognize any symptoms that might lead to an allergic reaction. In short, it should be underlined that allergies to drugs actually rarely occur.
Even though unusual symptoms arise after getting anesthetic, usually it's just a drug side effect. Or not necessarily entirely because of real allergies.
Allergic reactions due to anesthesia can be triggered by exposure to drugs and other substances, or neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA). Several other types of drugs used during the anesthesia process, such as antibiotics and antiseptic chlorexidine can trigger allergic reactions.

What side effects can it cause?

Again, anesthetic allergic reactions are actually only side effects of the drug. So, it is not an anesthetic process that causes allergies, but a drug used in the anesthetic process.

Mild side effects

The following are various possible side effects that arise based on the type of anesthesia:

1. General anesthesia

General anesthesia is a general anesthetic process that leaves you unconscious during a major operation. Some side effects of general anesthesia such as:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Itching on the skin
  • Muscle ache
  • Feel cold and shiver
  • Difficulty urinating for several hours after surgery
  • Confusion that lasts for several hours or days after surgery

2. Local anesthesia

Local anesthesia is an anesthetic procedure that makes you experience eye taste only in certain body parts. Some side effects that may arise from local anesthetics such as:

  • Like tingling after being given an anesthetic
  • Itching in the area given the anesthetic
  • Mild pain around the injection site

3. Regional anesthesia

Regional anesthesia is the administration of anesthesia which is useful for causing numbness in a larger area of ​​the body. For example the stomach, waist, to the foot area.

Here are some side effects from regional anesthesia:

  • Nausea
  • Sleepiness for a full day or more
  • Headache

Severe side effects

While severe side effects from anesthesia are fairly rare. If any, this condition is usually experienced by people with heart, lung, stroke, and neurological diseases such as Parkinson's or Alzheimer's.

One side effect that is quite serious because of general anesthesia is postoperative delirium (postoperative delirium). This can make sufferers experience confusion and memory loss for several days after undergoing surgery.

However, medical experts stated that the condition was caused by the operation process, and not because of the side effects of anesthesia.

What can be done if you have to be sedated?

A study published in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology describes some types of anesthetic that can cause allergies.

In the study, patients who had allergies to the content of anesthetic drugs but needed to be sedated before undergoing the operation process, could get other types of substitute drugs. Take for example when someone is allergic to lidocaine which is one of the anesthetics.

Lidocaine does not come alone, but is still a group with anesthetic drugs mepivacaine, bupivacaine, etidocaine and prilocaine. If someone has an allergy to one of these drugs, there is a possibility that he is also allergic to other anesthetics in the same group.

Alternatively, anesthetic drugs from other groups can be used. However, to find out the security of all these things, of course it is necessary to intervene from doctors and other medical officers.

So, it is important to always convey all taboos and complaints that you have or are feeling to your doctor. That way, doctors can find the best solution and treatment according to your health condition

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