Werner's syndrome, a rare disease that mimics early aging - OCSEHAT

Werner's syndrome, a rare disease that mimics early aging

As we get older, the body's organs will experience aging. Factors from the environment and unhealthy living habits can also accelerate aging. However, there are genetic disorders whose symptoms actually mimic premature aging. This condition is known as Werner syndrome. What is this syndrome?

Get to know Werner syndrome, a rare disease

Aging is indeed a natural process that occurs in the body. Starting from white hair to decreased organ function. In fact, not only because of age or exposure to free radicals, aging can occur due to rare diseases.

There is a genetic disorder that has symptoms such as premature aging. Yes, this disease is called Werner syndrome (Werner's syndrome).

This disease is making someone experience the aging process quickly. This syndrome is the most common type of progeria.

Progeria or Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS), can usually be detected from a baby aged 10 months to 1 year. Meanwhile, the new Werner syndrome will produce symptoms after entering puberty.

What are the symptoms of Werner syndrome?

Source: Werner Syndrome

Initially, children with this syndrome can grow like other normal children. However, after passing puberty, physical changes will occur very quickly.

According to the National Institute of Health, the common symptoms of Werner syndrome are:

  • Short body
  • Gray hair and hoarseness
  • The skin becomes thin and hard
  • The arms and legs are very thin
  • There is a buildup of abnormal fat in certain parts of the body
  • The nose becomes pointed like a bird's beak

In addition to physical changes, people with this syndrome will also experience health problems that usually affect the elderly, such as:

  • Cataracts in both eyes
  • Diabetes type 2 and skin ulcers
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Bone loss (osteoporosis)
  • In certain cases it can cause cancer

People with Werner's syndrome on average can live up to the age of 40 or 50 years. Generally, death is caused by atherosclerosis and cancer.

What are the causes of Werner's syndrome?

The main cause of Werner's syndrome is a genetic disorder due to the mutation of the problematic WRN gene. The WRN gene is a Werner protein producer whose job is to maintain and repair DNA.

In addition, these proteins also help the process of replicating DNA for cell division.

In people with this disorder, Werner's protein is shorter and has abnomal function so it is broken down faster than normal protein.

As a result, problems arise from the growth and buildup of damaged DNA, causing symptoms of faster aging and health problems.

How do you deal with Werner syndrome?

Until now, there is no specific treatment that can cure Werner syndrome. Current treatment is only a combination of treatments according to the specific symptoms experienced by the patient.

The doctor will work with specialists to treat the patient's condition, such as:

  • Orthopedists to treat troubled skeletal, muscular, joint, and body tissues.
  • Eye health specialist to treat cataracts
  • Endocrinologist to help reduce the symptoms of diabetes
  • Heart health specialist to treat heart and blood vessel disorders

In addition to drug administration, patients will also be recommended for therapy. This therapy helps patients to improve their quality of life by implementing a healthy lifestyle.

In addition, patients will also undergo several surgical processes to remove cataracts or remove cancer cells

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