4 Choices of the Right Medication for Overcoming Nasal Congestion - OCSEHAT

4 Choices of the Right Medication for Overcoming Nasal Congestion

When a cold and nasal congestion, breathing becomes uncomfortable. In fact, you will usually have difficulty sleeping because of difficulty breathing. In order for the condition to recover as before, there are several drugs that can be consumed. Here is the choice of medication for a stuffy nose that you can try at home.

Causes of nasal congestion

Not because there is too much mucus, reported from the Mayo Clinic, the cause of nasal congestion is inflamed blood vessels in the sinuses.

As a result, blood vessels and surrounding nasal tissue experience swelling to make the nose like something clogged.

This inflammation usually occurs due to a cold, flu, allergy, or sinus infection. This condition is certainly quite disturbing. Because the nasal congestion makes sleeping soundly and the appetite disappears as usual.

The choice of medicine for nasal congestion

In addition to a variety of natural treatments, there are several options for nasal congestion that can be purchased at pharmacies such as:

1. Decongestants

Decongestants are one of the drugs commonly used for stuffy nose.

This drug is a powerful drug to help reduce swelling and pain due to irritation of the nose.

Generally, decongestants can be easily purchased without the need for a prescription from a doctor.

Decongestants are usually available in pill or tablet form and nasal sprays. In the form of pills or tablets, the most common decongestants, namely pseudoephedrine (Sudafed, Sudogest).

Meanwhile, in the form of nasal sprays usually oxymetazoline (Afrin) and phenylephrine (Sinex).

However, the decongestant usually should not be taken more than three days without a doctor's supervision. This is because after three days, the decongestant can actually make the nose more blocked.

Although safe, the decongestant is not necessarily suitable for everyone as a medicine for nasal congestion.

You need to ask for advice from your doctor or pharmacist first if this medication will be taken by:

  • Infants and children less than 6 years old. For children aged 6-12 years, it is not permissible for more than 5 days and must consult a doctor
  • Pregnant and lactating women
  • People with diabetes
  • People who have high blood pressure
  • People with overactive thyroid glands (hyperthyroidism)
  • Men who have prostate enlargement
  • People with liver, kidney, heart or circulation problems
  • People with glaucoma

If taken according to the rules, decongestants usually have no side effects. Even if there is, it is usually quite mild. Some side effects that usually appear are:

  • Sleepy
  • Irritation of the nasal membranes
  • Headache
  • Dry mouth
  • Feeling restless
  • Rash

But don't worry, these side effects will usually disappear after you stop taking medication.

2. Antihistamines

Besides decongestants, you can also take antihistamine medication if a blocked nose appears due to allergies.

When the body is exposed to allergens, antishistamines block histamine to prevent allergic reactions.

Histamine is a chemical in the body that can cause allergic symptoms.

On the market, there are two types of antihistamines, which are those that make you feel sleepy and who don't.

The choice of antihistamines that can make you sleepy, namely chlorphenamine, hydroxyzine, and promethazine.

Meanwhile, the class of drugs that usually do not provide a drowsy effect, namely cetirizine, loratadine, and fexofenadine.

Before buying it, ask the pharmacist which type best suits your condition. Don't forget to drink it according to the rules stated on the packaging.

Just like other drugs, antihistamines can also cause side effects, namely:

  • Sleepiness
  • Body coordination decreases
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision
  • Frequent urination
  • Headache

By taking antihistamines, you can sleep better and the symptoms of nasal congestion will decrease slightly.

3. Menthol

Creams or ointments that contain menthol can also be a choice of drugs to treat nasal congestion. Menthol helps make you breathe more easily.

How to use it is also easy, you only need to rub it into the chest or the bottom of the nose.

In addition, you can also buy products that are in liquid form to be dissolved in warm water. Next, breathe the steam to help open your airways.

4. Steroid nasal sprays

Steroid nasal sprays can be another alternative medicine to help relieve nasal congestion. However, this one type needs a doctor's prescription before use.

Steroid nasal sprays can reduce swelling so that the airway is no longer blocked. However, you should consult a doctor to ascertain the dosage and usage.

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